Add stress marks to Russian text
- Stress in Russian Language
- Stress in Russian Words – Online Resources
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Stress in Russian Language
Learning Russian phonetics may be quite challenging for people who start to learn Russian. As you may know, Russian vowels are pronounced differently depending on whether they are stressed or unstressed. Unlike in some other languages, in Russian there are no strict rules for stress position. Stress may fall on any syllable of a word – from first to last (compare to French where stress almost always falls on the last syllable). Stress patterns are almost impossible to predict especially for someone who just started to learn Russian.
This online tool automatically inserts stress marks into Russian words and restores the letter "ё" in Russian text. It will save you a lot of time – you will no longer need to look up for the stress position in a dictionary.
Registered users can choose the size of the database with stress positions: 200,000, 400,000 or 600,000 word forms. Unregistered users can use only the smallest database that contains the most popular Russian words (100,000 word forms). If there is no data for any particular word in the database you chose, the stress position will not be displayed. Be aware though, that the larger the database, the slower the tool works.
Some Russian words with the same spelling can have different meanings depending on where you put stress. Compare: замо́к (lock) – за́мок (castle). These words are called homographs (to be more precise, heteronyms, because they are also pronounced differently). After the conversion, all possible stress positions in such words will be highlighted in red. The database contains 23,376 homographs (16,609 unique spellings).
There is also a group of words in Russian that I call "fake" homographs – these are words with the letter "ё" that become homographs when spelled with the letter "е". Take word "берёг" for example. If we spell it with the letter "е", it can be pronounced whether as "бе́рег" (shore) or as "берёг" (kept). This online tool will highlight both stress positions in such words.
Note: Maximum number of characters for unregistered users – 700, for registered users – 7,000. For the correct displaying of the text with stress marks, make sure that you use the latest version of your web browser and choose the right encoding for this page – Unicode (UTF-8). This tool is only available online and cannot be downloaded to your computer.
Stress in Russian Words – Online Resources
- Russian Phonetic Transcription Converter
- IPA chart with Russian consonants
- IPA chart with Russian vowels
- Phonetics and pronunciation glossary
- Russian dictionaries online – Project Modelino
- PHP-yoficator – software that restores letter "ё" in Russian words.
- Russian language – Wikipedia
- Russian alphabet – Wikipedia
- Russian phonology – Wikipedia
- Homograph – Wikipedia
- Heteronym – Wikipedia
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